Yves Montand in the USSR interviews, source

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Haastatteluaineisto Yves Montand Neuvostoliitossa, lähdemateriaali

montint-src

Persistent Identifier of this resource:

http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi:lb-2020081501

This corpus will be published in Kielipankki – The Language Bank of Finland.
NB: The resource contains personal data.

Memory of Yves Montand in Russia 2019

The topic of the interview data are the personal memories and family stories about the tour of French-Italian singer-actor Yves Montand in the Soviet Union in 1956-57. It was collected in September-November 2019 in Russia (and in distant communication method abroad). It was part of Oral History – Theory, Practice and Uses. Case Montand in the USSR course held at the Higher School of Economics in Moscow by Dr. Mila Oiva (University of Turku, Finland) and Dr. Ekaterina Lapina-Kratasyuk (Associate Professor, Faculty of Communications, Media and Design, Higher School of Economics, Moscow). Twenty two out of total twenty four interviews were allowed by the respondent to be used in the book by Bruce Johnson, Mila Oiva and Hannu Salmi Yves Montand, Cultural Diplomacy, and the USSR (tentative title, Palgrave MacMillan, forthcoming).

The students collecting the data were (in alphabetical order):

Daria Artemova
Alexander Bespalov
Ivan Karnaukhov
Elizaveta Karpova
Takhmina Kasimova
Daria Khokhlova
Anna Koliberskaya
Maria Korenko
Anastasia Kurasheva
Sofia Kuznetsova
Maxim Larichev
Lidia Larkina
Ilia Lukhovitskii
Alexandra Mikhailidi
Angelina Naumova
Anna Ostapenko
Yana Parshina
Polina Protasova
Daria Umanets
Marina Zucconi


The idea of the interviews was to collect information on how Yves Montand’s tour in the Soviet Union was remembered in Russia in autumn 2019, either by people who had experienced the visit in a way or another by themselves, or based on stories the respondents had heard from their family members, relatives and friends concerning Yves Montand.
The dataset contains altogether 22 interviews, out of which 15 were interviews with female respondents, 7 male respondents, and 2 group interviews of 2-5 respondents of both sexes. Most of the students worked on their own, but there were also two groups of two-three students working together. The year of birth of the respondents varied between 1936-1999. The place of interview (or the respondents were located at during the telephone, Skype, or WhatsUp interview) was in 15 cases Moscow, and once in St.Petersburg, Yekaterinburg, Rostov-on-Don, Shchyokino (Tula Region) in Russian Federation, and in Lille (France). In some cases, the respondent refused of being recorded, and this interview is based on the hand-written notes of the interviewer. All but two of the total 24 interviews were allowed to store in the Finnish Social Sciences Data Archive. All the interviews were conducted in Russian.

The students identified the interviewees by asking their parents and grandparents, their friends and relatives, and by contacting Yves Montand groups in social media and through libraries. Some of the respondents felt it more convenient to record an audio file by themselves, or to read the interview questions in advance, and talk based on them. Two of the agreed interviews did not eventually take place. The students were advised to respect the wishes of the respondents so that they would feel themselves comfortable, and would not feel pressure to do anything against their will. The students were also advised to contact the teachers in case of uncomfortable situations with the respondents. Some students reported of either grumpy respondents or untidy premises, but did not feel threatened.

The students formed in a joint effort the interview question scheme (see Attachment). The interviews were semi-structured, meaning that the students were advised to follow the theme of memoirs concerning Yves Montand’s tour, but not to stick to the questions if they did not feel suitable. The main thing was to follow what the respondents remembered and had to say about Montand’s visit. Many students commented that they did not need to ask many questions, and they could just follow what the respondents wanted to say about the topic.

The students were advised to transcribe the interviews so that the spoken text was “transformed” into written text, and they would insert signifying elements of the discussion, such as laughs and so on. Furthermore, they were asked to add some meaningful notions concerning the interview they considered relevant for understanding the interview. The students stored the audio files, transcriptions, metadata, and scanned agreements to the joint project folder. After that, the students peer-reviewed each other’s interview transcriptions and gave each other advise on how to improve the transcription.
The Higher School of Economics in Moscow is one of the top level universities in Russia, and therefore it is plausible that the most of the respondents also represent the more highly educated, urban population in Russia. Although the main point of interest of the interviews was to study the memories of Yves Montand’s tour in the Soviet Union in 1956-1957, it is important to keep in mind that Montad visited the Soviet Union also in the 1960s in the Moscow film festival, and therefore it is possible that some of the respondents’ memoirs refer also to that visit.

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Tämä aineisto on tulossa saataville Kielipankkiin.
Huom. Kielivara sisältää henkilötietoja.

Yves Montandin muisto Venäjällä 2019

Haastatteluaineisto käsittelee venäläisten muistoja italialais-ranskalaisen näyttelijä-laulaja Yves Montandin Neuvostoliiton kiertueesta vuonna 1956-57. Aineisto on koottu kiertuetta käsittelevää kirjaa varten (Mila Oiva, Bruce Johnson ja Hannu Salmi Cultural Diplomacy, and the USSR (alustava otsikko, Palgrave MacMillan). Kirjaa varten kerätyistä kahdestakymmenestäneljästä haastatellusta kaksikymmentäkaksi antoi luvan haastattelujen tallentamiseen tieteellistä jatkokäyttöä varten.

Haastatteluiden kieli on venäjä. Aineisto on kerätty syys-marraskuussa 2019.

Haastattelut tehtiin osana Oral History – Theory, Practice and Uses. Case Montand in the USSR –kurssia joka pidettiin Higher School of Economicsissa Moskovassa syksyllä 2019. Kurssin vetäjinä toimivat Mila Oiva (Cultural History, University of Turku, Finland) ja Ekaterina Lapina-Kratasyuk (Associate Professor, Faculty of Communications, Media and Design, Higher School of Economics, Moscow). Haastattelijoina ja haastatteluiden litteroijina, ja niiden vertaisarvoijina toimivat seuraavat opiskelijat (aakkosjärjestyksessä):

Daria Artemova
Alexander Bespalov
Ivan Karnaukhov
Elizaveta Karpova
Takhmina Kasimova
Daria Khokhlova
Anna Koliberskaya
Maria Korenko
Anastasia Kurasheva
Sofia Kuznetsova
Maxim Larichev
Lidia Larkina
Ilia Lukhovitskii
Alexandra Mikhailidi
Angelina Naumova
Anna Ostapenko
Yana Parshina
Polina Protasova
Daria Umanets
Marina Zucconi

Aineisto koostuu yhteensä 22 haastattelujen tekstimuotoisista litteraateista. Haastateltavista yhteensä 15 oli naisia ja 7 miehiä, joiden lisäksi mukana on kaksi 2-5 henkilön ryhmähaastattelua, joissa oli mukana sekä miehiä että naisia. Suurin osa opiskelijoista teki haastattelut yksin, mutta osa opiskelijoista teki haastattelut ja niiden litteroinnin ryhmätyönä. Haastateltavat olivat syntyneet vuosien 1936-1999 välillä. Viisitoista haastateltavaa oli haastatteluhetkellä Moskovassa (osa haastatteluista tehtiin puhelimitse, Skypen tai WhatsUp –palvelujen avulla), yksi Pietarissa, Jekaterinburgissa, Rostov-na-Donissa, Shchyokinossa Tulan alueella ja Lillessä (Ranskassa). Yhdessä tapauksessa haastateltava ei suostunut haastattelun nauhoittamiseen, ja tämä on kirjattu ylös haastattelijan muistiinpanoihin nojaten. Yksi haastateltava halusi nauhoittaa etukäteen lähetettyjen kysymysten pohjalta monologin. Kaksi etukäteen sovittua haastattelua peruuntui. Kaikki haastattelut tehtiin venäjäksi. Opiskelijat laativat yhteistyössä kurssin opettajien kanssa haastattelurungon (Liite), mutta heitä ohjeistettiin seuraamaan enne kaikkea mitä haastateltavat halusivat kertoa aiheesta. Kunkin haastattelun litteraatissa eritellään haastattelijan ja haastateltavan sanomat lauseet ja puhekieli on muutettu kirjoitetuksi kieleksi. Aineistoon on merkitty sanojen erityiset painotukset, pitemmät tauot ja reaktiot kuten nauru tai hymy. Haastattelijoina toimineet HSE:n opiskelijat litteroivat nauhoittamansa haastattelut, ja yhtä haastattelua lukuunottamatta toinen opiskelija tarkisti litteroinnin. Haastatteluissa kysyttiin haastateltavien omia tai perhepiirissä kuulemia muistoja liittyen Yves Montandin kiertueeseen. Aineisto sisältää kuvauksia elämästä Neuvostoliitossa, populaarimusiikin asemasta ja Neuvostoliitossa kiertäneistä urbaaneista legendoista. Kyseinen haastatteluaineisto ei ole muualla saatavilla.

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